Prepare your work environment.
The first thing you should do is optimize your workspace. Photoshop offers various usage modes depending on what you want to do with the program.
- Go to Window > Workspace and choose the Graphic and Web option. This will make the relevant tools for web design more at hand.
- In the Preferences window, change your units to those you will use. These units will be assigned by default to new documents. You’ll probably want to choose pixels.
- Go to Preferences > Performance > History & Cache and select Web/UI Design. This will optimize file sizes for your web design workflow.
Keep order in Photoshop.
Before you know it, you can have many different web design elements in your Photoshop file. To avoid getting confused and wasting time, keep everything organized.
Use Ctrl+G to group layers in a helpful way. For example, you can keep navigation elements in one folder and header images in another.
Also, make sure to name each layer. So you can know precisely what each one is about just at a glance. A bunch of layers with generic names can be highly confusing.
Learn the keyboard shortcuts
Learning the keyboard shortcuts of any program will make you much more efficient using it. This is especially true in Photoshop, where there are many different tools, and you’re constantly switching back and forth.
Using keyboard shortcuts is much faster than using the mouse. If you learn the essential Photoshop shortcuts, your efficiency will go up.
Create the grid
Grids keep your layout clean and organized. It can save you a lot of headaches in the future. For example, you might find that an entire part of your design is slightly off-square and that you need to resize all of its elements.
Photoshop allows you to make your grids or choose from several predefined ones. You can also download plugins with special grids for web page design.
Select and import the range of colors
Photoshop allows you to import color palettes from HTML, CSS, or SVG files. This will enable you to have all the colors you will need in your web design at your fingertips.
Suppose the colors have already been determined, or you are working with a particular element. In that case, this saves you the trouble of looking up the value of each color individually.
Open the Swatches panel, click the menu in the top right, and select Load Swatches to import a color palette.
Create and save custom shapes
Specific shapes are likely to repeat a lot throughout the web page’s design. Designers often make these shapes with particular values.
Instead of having to remake the same shape every time you need it, you can save it as a custom shape so you can insert it as quickly as you would insert one of the default shapes.
Click on the desired shape and select Define Custom Shape to save a custom shape.
Design for multiple devices at once
As we already explained, one of the limitations of Photoshop is its difficulty in making responsive designs. You can use two tools to deal with this: Smart
Objects and Artboards.
These features allow you to resize your design while maintaining proportion and organization.
Preview layouts by device
Adobe offers an app called Device Preview that can be integrated with Photoshop. This allows you to preview how your design will look on different screens.
It is a helpful tool for finding errors and refining the web page design based on devices.
Save images for the web.
When you export a file in Photoshop, make sure to select the Save for Web option. This will make the image as small as possible, helping to improve the loading speed of the web.
Copy the CSS directly from Photoshop
You don’t need to copy the CSS of your elements by hand. Photoshop gives you the option to copy the CSS of any layer by right-clicking.
So you can export your styles to any other platform effortlessly.